Longnose Gar

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FISH PROFILE

COMMON NAME

Longnose Gar

Scientific name

Lepisosteus osseus

FAMILY

Lepisosteidae family

LENGTH

Up to 6 feet

DIET

Mainly fish

Play Video

FISH PROFILE

COMMON NAME

Longnose Gar

Scientific name

Lepisosteus osseus

FAMILY

Lepisosteidae family

LENGTH

Up to 6 feet

DIET

Mainly fish

DISTINGUISHING CHARACTERISTICS

The longnose gar is a large fish, up to 6’ long and tan-olive in color, with brown spots and a very long narrow snout, more than twice as long as the rest of the head. These fish have a much longer, more narrow snout than Florida gar and also lack spots on their pectoral and pelvic fins (towards the front of their body.)

RANGE, HABITAT, BEHAVIOR, AND dIET

Longnose gar are found in Canada to central Florida and west to the Rio Grande. They can be also be found in brackish waters. Their diet hey begin preying on small insects within 10 days of hatching.

FUN FACTS

Gar eggs stick to aquatic plants and are toxic to animals and humans. Gar are an ancient, primitive fish, with relatives dating back 100-200 million years. All gar can breathe air via their swim bladders, and can gulp air at the surface in low-oxygen conditions!

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