up to 6 feet
Distinguishing features: The longnose gar is a large fish, up to 6’ long and tan-olive in color, with brown spots and a very long narrow snout, more than twice as long as the rest of the head. These fish have a much longer, more narrow snout than Florida gar and also lack spots on their pectoral and pelvic fins (towards the front of their body.)
Range, habitat and behavior: Canada to central Florida and west to the Rio Grande. They can be found in brackish waters.
Diet: Mainly fish. They begin preying on small insects within 10 days of hatching.
Fun facts: Gar eggs stick to aquatic plants and are toxic to animals and humans.
Gar are an ancient, primitive fish, with relatives dating back 100-200 million years.
All gar can breathe air via their swim bladders, and can gulp air at the surface in low-oxygen conditions.