Largemouth Bass

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FISH PROFILE

COMMON NAME

Largemouth Bass

Scientific name

Micropterus salmoides

FAMILY

Centrarchidae (sunfish) family

LENGTH

1-3 feet

DIET

Fish, small mammals, insects, crustaceans

Play Video

FISH PROFILE

COMMON NAME

Largemouth Bass

Scientific name

Micropterus salmoides

FAMILY

Centrarchidae (sunfish) family

LENGTH

1-3 feet

DIET

Fish, small mammals, insects, crustaceans

DISTINGUISHING CHARACTERISTICS

Largemouth bass have a very large toothless jaw that extends past eye. They often have a dark, blotchy stripe alongside. There are two dorsal fins, located close together on the back.

RANGE, HABITAT, BEHAVIOR, AND dIET

Largemouth bass occupy nearly all freshwater habitats in Florida – lakes, streams, rivers, and swamps. Native to eastern North America, now widely introduced across the continent and the world. They can be found in many different water bodies such as ponds, creeks, springs, lakes, large rivers and even estuaries. Largemouth bass prefer warmer, shallower water, and in turn will travel to deeper waters in the winter months and back to shallow, warmer waters in the spring/summer.

FUN FACTS

The largemouth bass is Florida’s state freshwater fish, and one of the most popular sportfish in the US. In Florida, these fish often attain weights of ten pounds or more, attracting sport fishermen from across the country. Largemouth bass were one of only two species observed at 100% of the twelve major springs sampled in a 2010 survey of fish species in Florida springs. Mosquitofish were the other prominent fish species.

Largemouth Bass begin spawning in Florida in March; the male fish creates a bowl-shaped depression in the substrate, often near logs or plant roots. After the female lays the eggs, the male fertilizes them and guards them until they hatch and mature to free-swimming fry.

FISH GALLERY

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